Path To Citizenship Essay

The "gang of eight", a bipartisan contingent of US senators, has just released an outline of their long awaited comprehensive immigration reform bill. The bill concentrates on three broad components: a pathway to citizenship for unauthorized migrants, border security, and America's outdated visa allocation system. The most important component of the bill removes the threat of deportation for most of the 11 million unauthorized migrants presently in the country.

Unauthorized migrants who entered the US before 11 December 2011, can apply for provisional legal status after they pay a $500 fine and any back taxes they owe, provided that they have not committed a felony. A pathway to legalization is critical not only for immigrant communities and families but also for America's economic growth.

America's white population is aging and is projected to decrease to less than 50% by 2050. Concurrently, the Latino populace will double, from 17 to 29% of the population, making the US a minority-majority society. Latino population growth will come from the American born children and grandchildren of immigrants, not from Latino immigration. Thus, it is imperative that the American-born children of immigrants have the high education levels that are needed in an increasingly information and technology-based economy, especially as the baby boomers, the most educated generation in history, retire en masse.
Research has shown that legal status fosters social mobility (pdf) in part because it provides parents with access to less exploitative and better paying jobs, the financial benefits of which stream down to their children. The adult children of immigrants who legalized under the 1986 Immigration Reform Control Act have higher levels of education, earn more money, and have better jobs than those whose parents were unable to adjust their status. My own research on the rise of the Mexican-American middle class demonstrates that parental legal status, especially if attained early in a child's life, helps families enter the middle class.

While the "gang of eight" got it right by including a pathway to legal status, migrants will have to wait up to 10 years, and likely much longer, to apply for full citizenship under the condition that the US-Mexico border is secure measured by the fact that 100% of the border is surveilled and apprehensions increase to 90%. This condition is troublesome as it is based on the fallacious argument that the US receives a continuous stream of unauthorized Mexican migrants.

The US-Mexico border is more secure than at any time in the nation's history. Unauthorized Mexican migration is presently at net zero, a result of factors on both sides of the border. On the US side, the Great Recession decreased demand for low-wage workers. On the Mexican side, the economy and educational opportunities are growing at a rapid pace prompting young people who might have migrated a decade ago to stay in the country.

Equally important is shrinking family size. Mexico's birth rate was once one of the highest in the world, with 5.6 children per woman in 1976. How many children on average do you think a woman in Mexico has today? Only two. The pool of available Mexican migrants is thus dwindling rapidly due to massive economic and demographic changes. The era of mass unauthorized migration from Mexico is over. This means that the billions of dollars that will be poured into further militarizing the border by building high-tech fences and surveillance drones and by hiring border patrol agents are a huge waste of taxpayers' money, especially in an era of sequestration and declining tax bases.

The final major provision of the bill seeks to overhaul the categories under which immigrants can qualify for entrance visas. The bill places greater emphasis on worker visas, rather than family ties. Politicians are overwhelmingly supportive of earmarking more visas to high-skilled workers in STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) fields, but lawmakers also need to ensure that enough visas are set aside to meet the economy's demand for low-wage workers, especially during periods of economic growth. This will help forestall unauthorized migration from Mexico in the unlikely event that Mexico's economy takes a colossal dive.

It is unclear how politicians will determine the number of visas that are needed to meet the requirements of America's economy. Rather than having a fixed number of work visas, it is imperative that the number of high and low-skilled work visas be adjustable on a yearly basis and tied to the growth, or contraction, of the economy.

Time will tell whether the bill will receive broad bipartisan support because Republican lawmakers, who are notorious supporters of anti-immigrant policies and rhetoric, are reluctant to back a bill that includes a pathway to citizenship. But after their disappointing loss in the 2012 presidential election where Latinos' record turnout helped Obama win, Republicans would be wise to support a bill that is crucial for America's social and economic future.

Granting Illegal Immigrants Citizenship Essay

An illegal immigrant, who works for their keep in an unknown country, contributes to taxes, stays out of trouble, and just wants a better life in a foreign country, on unknown land should be recognized for their contribution to that particular society. An illegal immigrant is a person who migrates to a different country in a way that is in violation of the immigrant laws of that country. Immigration has been a divided topic for many years in America- illegal immigrants are sometimes seen as a burden to America, but others view them as an economic savior. There are over 11 million undocumented immigrants in the United States and many Americans have mixed views about where there stance should be regarding citizenship. Illegal immigrants should be granted citizenship based on the United States need for e legalized workforce, the increase in tax revenues that would decrease the nation’s debt, and the boosting of America’s economy.
Various housekeeping jobs and yard work is done by immigrants, both legal and illegal. Immigrants are a necessity in the United States Labor Market; between 7 and 8 million of the 11 million illegal immigrants in the United States are working, contributing to the economy and contributing to America’s growing work force (Jacoby 22). Unemployment is above 8 percent, and some American’s would argue that these jobs could be filled by U.S. workers, but they can’t. The reason being that unemployed United States workers are usually selective as to which jobs they are willing to take, and many of them do not want to be dish washers or housekeepers. Americans have also become more educated over time, and they strive for higher positions with a larger income. The lower positions do not disappear and unskilled workers are still needed. Without the unskilled illegal immigrant workers, the jobs of the highly skilled Americans would be difficult to juggle. In a restaurant for example, if the owner was forced to fire all of the illegal immigrant workers and they were the ones to clean the dishes, make sure the floors were cleaned, prepared the necessary ingredients for the chefs to make the food, then the workload would be doubled for the owner and the chefs and it would be difficult to juggle such a high workload now being mandatory and the restaurant would suffer. Our current immigration system is faulty, with holes and gaps that are not being filled quickly enough. Undocumented workers have no safety net and are not protected by their labor laws of the United States. They are too scared to complain about workplace issues such as low wages, dangerous working conditions, a lack of benefits, and other challenging topics. There should be a larger number of work visas issued by commission. This system will accomplish the labor movement’s policy objectives- to ensure that workers enjoy the full protection of law- as well as satisfy legitimate needs of employers- a readily accessible pool, of foreign workers when legitimate marker-tested...

Loading: Checking Spelling


Read more

Immigrants Essay

1534 words - 6 pages 15 April 2014Children of Illegal ImmigrantsImmigrants have been in this country for decades. They emigrate to United States of America from various places. Some come to escape cruel governments or start a new life, but they all come with a reason. Over the years, the immigration population increased, problems begin to rise. The governments...

Illegal Immigrants: Amnesty Essay

1235 words - 5 pages The United States is known to have one of the most accepting immigration in the world. It has contributed to the country's population growth as well as social change. However, the policy remains to be a controversy because of the topic that is illegal immigration. According to the Department of Homeland security in 2010, there are 10.8 million illegal immigrants residing among the 300+ million Americans. Since then, the number has grown to 11+...

The Necessity of Reforming the Citizenship Process

1779 words - 7 pages During my early teenage years, every day after school, I would check the mail and become disappointed when there was no letter from the “Department of Homeland Security.” I came to America with my family at the age of eight, and it took our family almost eight years to become naturalized as U.S. citizens. These years were the most stressful times of my life. Day and night, my thoughts were consumed with uncertainty and fear that our family was...

Social Issues Paper

1720 words - 7 pages Effects of Illegal Immigration On US EconomyAnthony RupertCentral Washington UniversityThe United States of America has significant amounts of Illegal immigrants throughout the country and it has defnitive impact on the local and national economy, there is no question about that. The question lies in whether immigration aids or hurts the...

It's Time for Immigration Reform

1872 words - 7 pages Larick 1Ridge LarickEnglish 001Monroe Street7 April 2014It is Time for Immigration ReformEvery summer working for my family's business I work on a crew consisting mostly of Hispanic workers. The same men have been working for us for a long time; they are all hard workers and genuinely good guys. I have gotten to know them fairly well, so when I began work last summer I immediately...

Illegal imigration causes drawbacks on our country

562 words - 2 pages Illegal Immigration Causes Drawbacks on our Country Currently the United States Government has a problem with the overwhelming amount of people wanting to gain citizenship into the country. Today there is an estimated eight million illegal immigrants currently living in the United States, four and a half million are...

President Bush's Immigration Plan: Compassionate or Ridiculous?

809 words - 3 pages Every year, hundreds of thousands of immigrants, legal and illegal, from around the world, come to the United States. Current INS estimates put the number at 8 to 12 million illegal immigrants, mostly Mexican nationals, within our borders (Seper par.11). These immigrants come because they want a chance at a better life; others are refugees, escaping persecution and...

The Issue of Illegal Immigration in the US

1390 words - 6 pages Americans today, know that there is a problem with illegal immigration. Everyday many illegal immigrants cross the borders. There are between twelve and twenty million illegal immigrants in America. (“Scary Immigration Statistics” 1) The U.S. should make all illegal immigrants register or deport them to their original countries. The U.S. should also make a program so that the immigrants can get a license for legality. If the immigrants do not...

Immigration and Border Security

1567 words - 6 pages Over the years it seems as though our country has become more populated and unsafe from the illegal immigrants and smuggled goods, such as drugs and weapons, which make it into the United States. Although there are many illegal immigrants and contraband that are able to make it into the U.S undetected, there are a significant amount of people and contraband that are caught by U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP). The CBP is a component...

Illegal Immigration

1230 words - 5 pages America is currently home to over 8 million illegal immigrants. Does this cause a harmful impact on Americans? Should America take drastic measures to insure that no additional illegal immigrants are be allowed into the country? When America was founded, the people who came into the country were not technically Americans. America became the "Melting Pot" for different cultures all over the world. People came to America because they believed...


3600 words - 14 pages Every year, hundreds of thousands of immigrants, legal and illegal, from around the world, come to the United States. These immigrants come because they want a chance at a better life; others are refugees, escaping persecution and civil wars in their home country. Many people believe the United States is the best place to go. There is more...

0 Replies to “Path To Citizenship Essay”

Lascia un Commento

L'indirizzo email non verrà pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *